What is Commercial Real Estate?
6 minute read
February 8, 2021


Commercial real estate is the land which we can use primarily for purposes related to the industry. It generates a workplace rather than a living space that will instead involve residential real estate. Commercial real estate is most commonly leased to investors to perform revenue-generating practices. Besides this, it also includes anything from a single restaurant or a shop to a big shopping center. It has many categories like office places, hotels, restaurants, malls, healthcare centers, and different kinds of retailers. If you want a clear commercial real estate concept, this article will help you in many ways.

Without wasting any further time, let’s start with the basics of commercial real estate.

Commercial Real Estate Basics

By the way, it is one of the main types of real estate property. As the name shows that, commercial real estate is for commerce. All the multi-unit rental properties serving as tenant homes are known as the landlord’s significant commercial investment.

Usually, it is classified into 4 major classes according to the functions they are performing:

  • Retailing
  • Office spacing
  • Industry
  • Multi-family rental lands

Not to mention, those upper individual categories are further classified into class A, B, or C.

  • In terms of appearance, age, infrastructure, quality of services, and location, class A shows the best buildings.
  • Buildings of class B are generally old and not as competitive and attractive according to price. Such buildings are also a good target of investors for renovation.
  • The oldest, typically over 20 years old, Class C buildings are in less desirable places. They require major maintenance and renovation.

As a matter of fact, industrial land sites are further divided by some planning and licensing authorities. Of course, they use them to manufacture and produce goods, specifically heavy goods. However in some cases, most of them consider it a subsection of commercial real estate.

Commercial Leases

Moreover, many companies own the buildings that they hold. The most common scenario is that the commercial property will also be at lease. Generally, the property is owned by an individual or group of owners and receives rent from any company that works nearby. In this case, the price for renting a room over a given time is paid through commercial leases. It is also quoted in the annual report according to the square foot.

Usually, the commercial leases range from 1 year to ten years or sometimes more than that. Generally, the retail and office spaces average around 5 or 10-year commercial leases. This will be contrasted with annual or monthly residential leases, which are more short-term.

Types of commercial leases

Commonly the commercial leases are classified into four groups. Each one of them needs different levels of responsibility to consider the landlord and the resident.

  • Single net lease

Here, this commercial lease type allows becoming financially responsible to the property owner to pay any property-related taxes.

  • Double net lease

This type makes it financially responsible to the tenant to pay property taxes and insurance.

  • Triple-net lease

The tenant will take responsibility for the payment of real estate taxes, insurance, and servicing.

  • Gross lease

According to this type, the tenant only pays interest rate, and the landlord bears property taxes, insurance, and services for the house.

Management of Commercial Real Estate

By the way, private ownership and managing leased commercial real estate needs the property owner to be fully and regularly devoted to management. Also, commercial real estate investment companies assist tenants with finding, handling, and managing landowners. Furthermore, leases and lending choices will coordinate land management techniques and marketability. As the laws and regulations regulating these properties differ by state, county, municipal government, market, and scale, advance information is helpful.

In brief, the landlord finds a balance between increasing rents and decreasing vacancies and the turnover of tenants. Turning a space will be expensive for commercial real estate owners. In this case, space will completely change into new ones according to the requirements of different tenants.

Commercial Real Estate Investment

It is profitable to invest in commercial real estate and act as a buffer towards stock market fluctuations. When they sell, investors will good amount of money through property appreciation. Most of the property returns are coming from tenant rental prices.

  • Direct investment

Investors will use direct investment through the ownership of the physical property, and they become landlords. People that suits such a type of commercial real estate have a significant amount of knowledge about this industry. They employ companies that perform such duties. Commercial properties are termed as high-risk and high-rewarding real estate investment properties. Investing in commercial real estate requires a significant amount of capital, like an investor who is highly likely to be a high-net-worth person.

The effectiveness of the local economy of the area also influences the value of commercial real estate purchase. The perfect property is in an area with a low CRE supply and high demand that will offer favorable rent prices.

  • Indirect Investment

Individuals make investments in companies like banks and realtors that serve the real estate market. By purchasing different market securities like Real Estate Investment Trusts, exchange-traded funds investing in commercial property-related stocks. Investors will indirectly buy shares in the commercial market.

Pros of Commercial Real Estate

  • Leasing rates

Desirable leasing rates are one of the significant benefits of commercial real estate. There will be remarkable returns in areas where new construction volume is limited by property or laws. They still have large cash flows each month. Commercial buildings usually operate at a reduced price, but the overhead rates are often lower than an office complex.

  • Leasing agreements

CRE also gets advantages from leasing agreements for tenants that are relatively longer than residential real estate. When tenants lease the house, this long contract length provides the realty holder a significant amount of cash flow stability every time.

Cons of Commercial Real Estate

  • Requirements, Rules, and regulations

For certain people who wish to engage in commercial real estate personally, laws and rules are the key disincentives. In layers of legal property, fees, purchase procedures, and repair obligations for commercial facilities are lost. Depending on the state, county, industry, area, size, scale, zone, and many other classifications, these requirements change cautiously.

  • Tenant turnover

The increased risk involved with tenant turnover is also a barrier. This will become a challenge in the financial sector, where unpredictable retail closures leave properties empty with small advance notice.


I hope you get enough information about commercial real estate. The advantages of purchasing and investing in commercial real estate are many. They comprise noncorrelated, predictable returns over time, insurance, and tax advantages. But decide according to your requirements and choices. If you want expert opinion and guidance, contact Aceland Mortgage.

Share on LinkedIn
Email this Article
Print this Article

More on Mortgage Terminology